National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), Kolkata, West Bengal

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Location
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Area of Operation:
Kolkata :
Kolkata (municipal wards 14, 31, 34, 58, 59)
Kolkata (municipal wards 29, 30, 33)
Kolkata (municipal ward 66)
Sonarpur block, South 24 parganas
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Activity
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    Global Enteric Multicentric Study (GEMS)
  • » Oral Cholera Vaccine Trial
  • » Dosing interval for cholera vaccine
  • » Tropical Enteropathy
  • » Adult probiotic study
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    Rural community based diarrheal surveillance
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Public Health Areas
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  • » Disease Surveillance
  • » Communicable Diseases
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Organizational Overview
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Legal Status

Central government organization

Year Launched

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1962

Stage

Well established with advanced laboratory facilities, very good community involvement, able to undertake any large scale community based intervention trial or epidemiological studies.

Income level of target population

All levels

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Summary
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The “Cholera Research Centre” was established by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in 1962 to conduct research on the prevention and control of cholera and other diarrhoeal diseases. The Centre was given the status of “International Reference Centre for Vibrio Phage Typing” by the WHO in 1968, and in 1978 it was designated the “WHO Collaborative Centre for Reference and Research on Vibrios”. The ICMR elevated the Centre’s status to that of a “National Institute” in 1979, resulting in its renaming to the “National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases”(NICED). The WHO recognised NICED as a “WHO Collaborative Centre for Research and Training on Diarrhoeal Diseases” in 1980.

NICED’s aims are to conduct research on diarrhoeal diseases, fever, infective hepatitis, and HIV/AIDS in both basic and applied aspects. Besides research, NICED also conducts training for health professionals to improve the management and prevention of diarrhoeal diseases, and for the rapid and accurate diagnosis of etiological agents.

The Global Enteric Multicentric Study (GEMS) is a community based diarrheal surveillance for children less than 5 years. The objective is to identify the organism causing diarrhoea among the children in Kolkata slums. The major activities under this project are (1) demographic surveillance (DSS - includes recording of birth, death, migration, pregnancy) at the interval of every four months, (2) pregnancy follow up – every week from 8 months of pregnancy upto delivery, (3) verbal autopsy in case of child death, (4) stool sample collection for any diarrheal case as per WHO definition and stool sample collection from age - and sex-matched asymptomatic control...

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Target Geography
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  • » Urban and Rural
  • » Slum population
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Demographic Profile
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  • » 1-5 years old
  • » Entire population
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Primary Funding Agencies
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Indian Government, Indian Private Sector, Indian NGO/Civil Society, Indian Academic Institute, Foreign Government, Foreign Donor, Foreign Academic Institute
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Scale
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Number of Publications (2000-2011)
  • » National Journals: 87
  • » International Journals: 543
Non-Technical Staff

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>20

Technical Staff

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>20

Study Population

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1,95,581

Future Plans
  • » Conduct rota virus vaccine trials
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    Engage in more field based epidemiological studies
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