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Society for Health and Demographic Surveillance (SHDS), Birbhum, West Bengal

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Location
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Area of Operation:
Birbhum :
Birbhum district (Rajnagar, Suri 1, Sainthia,
Mohammad Bazar blocks), West Bengal
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Activity
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Health and Demographic Surveillance System (recording of ANC & PNC activities, birth enumeration, verbal autopsy, migration and marriage tracking, abortion tracking)
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Public Health Areas
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  • » Maternal and Child Health
  • » Disease Surveillance
  • » Health Systems Research
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Organizational Overview
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Legal Status

Non-government organization (NGO)

Year Launched

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2008

Stage

After creating a strong research foundation in the study areas, the Society now wants to move into specific research areas.

Income level of target population

All levels

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Summary
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The Birbhum Population Project was initiated by the Government of West Bengal in 2008 to foster health and demographic research for innovations in health care. The establishment of a comprehensive Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) is hoped to improve the understanding of diseases, and promote realistic solutions to tackle major public health problems.

Four blocks of Birbhum district, namely Suri-I, Rajnagar, Mohammad bazar and Sainthia, have been chosen for surveillance, taking into consideration socio economic status, urbanization status, relative proportions of tribal and caste populations, and availability of infrastructure. The total surveyed population was 59,395 of which 51% are male. About 34% of the heads of household belong to schedule castes, about 10% are schedule tribes and 6% belong to other backward castes.

Data collected thus far demonstrates that the percentage of home deliveries dropped from 29% in 2010 to 25% in 2011, while delivery at the district hospital increased from 38% in 2010 to 46% in 2011. Data also shows that a significant number of families in the area left the habit of smoking and smokeless tobacco. SHDS surveyors were able to successfully generate awareness among villagers regarding the harmful after-effects of smoking.

SHDS plans to venture into the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, mental morbidity, and behavioural therapy interventions for...

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Target Geography
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  • » Rural and Urban
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Demographic Profile
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  • » Entire population
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Primary Funding Agencies
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  • » West Bengal State Government
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Scale
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Number of Publications (2008 – 2011)
  • » National Journals: 0
  • » International Journals: 1
Non-Technical Staff

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1-5

Technical Staff

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> 20

Study Population

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59,395

Future Plans
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    Expand areas of research into NCDs, mental morbidity and behavioural therapy.
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    Hope to expand surveillance activity into urban areas.
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